Leucospermum truncatulum

Family:

Proteaceae

Genus:

Leucospermum

Species:

truncatulum

Common name:

Buxi, Buxifolium, Oval-leaf Pincushion (Note: This plant was given the specific (species) name “truncatulum” by Salisbury in 1809 - and “buxifolium” by Brown in 1810. Thus “truncatulum” is correct, although many botanists and wildflower harvesters/growers have continued to use the confusing name “buxifolium”.)

Vulnerability Index Score:

6

2m

August to December

Insects, Seeder

Dried, Fresh

Near threatened

What does the plant look like?

Leucospermum truncatulum is a slender shrub with a single stem and few branches. It grows up to two metres tall. The oval, hairy leaves are 10-25 mm long and 5-10 mm wide. The leaves overlap at the stem.

What are the flowers like?

The flowers are yellow when they are young and change to deep red as they get older. The small flower heads are round and 15-20 mm across. Flower heads grow in clusters of 2 to 8 and do not have an obvious stem. Plants flower from August to December.

How does it reproduce?

Leucospermum truncatulum is visited by a variety of insect species (generalist insect-pollination system) and seeds are released 1-2 months after flowering.

Where is it found?

It grows throughout the Overberg in big groups. It is found from the Kogelberg to Agulhas on sandy flats up to 400 metres above sea level. It prefers the cooler southern and eastern slopes.

How is it used?

It is used in the fresh- and dried-flower industries.

Conservation

[Red List: Near Threatened]

Leucospermum truncatulum is coming under threat, in many cases because of habitat loss, invasive alien plants and agriculture.