Leucadendron Xanthoconus

Family:

Proteaceae

Genus:

Leucadendron

Species:

xanthoconus – meaning ‘yellow cone’

Common name:

Blinkblaartolbos, Sickle-leaf Conebush (Note: this species is often incorrectly called “Salignum”. Leucadendron xanthoconus and Leucadendron salignum can be easily confused but Leucadendron xanthoconus is a reseeder and Leucadendron salignum is a resprouter.)

Vulnerability Index Score:

2

2m

August

Insects, Seeder

Dried, Fresh

What does the plant look like?

Leucadendron xanthoconus plants are dense shrubs. They have single stems and can grow up to two metres tall. They grow fairly quickly. The leaves are slightly sickle-shaped. Young leaves are covered in silvery hairs.

What are the flowers like?

The male and female cones grow on separate plants and look different. The bracts around the flower heads are yellow. The plants flower in August.

How does it reproduce?

Leucadendron xanthoconus is insect-pollinated. Seeds are kept in the female cones until after the next fire, when they are released.

Where is it found?

It grows from the Cape Peninsula to Potberg. It often grows in large groups.

How is it used?

In the cut-flower industry it is used as a filler (or ‘green’) in bouquets. The female stems with cones are very popular in the dried-flower export market.

Conservation

[Red List: Least Concern]